Question: What Are Water Borne Diseases And How Do They Affect Public Health?

What diseases are caused by dirty water?

Contaminated water and poor sanitation are linked to transmission of diseases such as cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis A, typhoid, and polio..

Water-related diseases: information sheetsAnemia.Arsenicosis.Ascariasis.Campylobacteriosis.Cholera.Cyanobacterial toxins.Dengue and Dengue Haemorrhagic fever.Darrhoea.More items…

Is dengue a water borne disease?

Water-borne diseases, such as typhoid fever, cholera, leptospirosis and hepatitis A. Vector-borne diseases, such as malaria, dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever, yellow fever, and West Nile Fever.

What are the things you can do to prevent diseases that may spread through water?

Here are several ways to prevent water-borne diseases:Drink only filtered/boiled water.Store water in a clean container,Water jars/containers should be washed daily.Always wash hands before and after preparing food or eating, likewise, children should be taught on hand washing.More items…•

What are water borne diseases give two examples?

The result: dangerous diseases like cholera and typhoid fever. Other waterborne diseases include diarrhoea, dysentery, polio and meningitis. Unclean water for washing can cause skin and infectious eye disease such as Trachoma.

How do you treat water borne diseases?

Common Waterborne Gastrointestinal IllnessesIllnessCausative agentTreatmentInfectious colitisDiarrheagenic Escherichia coliSupportive treatment; antibiotics and anti-diarrheals should be avoidedViral gastroenteritisAdenovirus, hepatitis A, norovirus, rotavirusSelf-limiting; symptomatic treatment only (fluids)3 more rows•May 1, 2017

How does disease spread through water?

Waterborne illness is caused by recreational or drinking water contaminated by disease-causing microbes or pathogens. Of note, many waterborne pathogens can also be acquired by consuming contaminated food or beverages, from contact with animals or their environment, or through person-to-person spread.

Why are water borne diseases a problem?

Waterborne diseases are caused by a variety of microorganisms, biotoxins, and toxic contaminants, which lead to devastating illnesses such as cholera, schistosomiasis and other gastrointestinal problems. Outbreaks of waterborne diseases often occur after a severe precipitation event (rainfall, snowfall).

What are examples of water borne diseases?

Some waterborne pathogenic microorganisms spread by water can cause severe, life-threatening diseases. Examples are typhoid fever, cholera and Hepatitis A or E. Other microorganisms induce less dangerous diseases. Often, diarrhoea is the main symptom (figure 1).

What is the most common water borne disease?

Of the seven most common waterborne diseases in the world, diarrhea is the central symptom….DysenteryStomach cramps and pain.Diarrhea.Fever.Nausea.Vomiting.Dehydration.

What are the three water borne disease?

Water-Borne Diseases and their Impact The pathogenic microorganisms, their toxic exudates, and other contaminants together, cause serious conditions such as cholera, diarrhea, typhoid, amebiasis, hepatitis, gastroenteritis, giardiasis, campylobacteriosis, scabies, and worm infections, to name a few.