Quick Answer: How Does Hypothyroidism Affect Pregnancy?

Does hypothyroidism cause miscarriage?

Even minimal hypothyroidism can increase rates of miscarriage and fetal death and may also have adverse effects on later cognitive development of the offspring.

Hyperthyroidism during pregnancy may also have adverse consequences..

What should TSH be for pregnancy?

However, the definition of a normal TSH during pregnancy has been changing over time. In 2007, The Endocrine Society recommended that all women on thyroid hormone replacement therapy (levothyroxine) have TSH less than 2.5 mIU/L during the first trimester and less than 3 mIU/L throughout pregnancy.

How does hypothyroidism affect baby during pregnancy?

How can hypothyroidism affect me and my baby? These problems occur most often with severe hypothyroidism. Because thyroid hormones are so important to your baby’s brain and nervous system development, untreated hypothyroidism—especially during the first trimester—can cause low IQ and problems with normal development.

Can I marry a girl with thyroid?

The truth is that thyroid problems are common, easy to diagnose and treat. A person with a thyroid problem can grow, marry, have children and lead a very normal productive, and long life.

Is congenital hypothyroidism a disability?

Congenital hypothyroidism is one of the most common treatable causes of intellectual disability (mental retardation). Screening programs have been established in most developed countries to detect and treat this disorder, which affects approximately 1 in 2000 to 1 in 4000 newborns [1,2].

Is TSH 4.2 normal in pregnancy?

If TSH persistently shows values above the normal limit with normal FT4, it confirms the biochemical diagnosis of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH). The prevalence of SCH is 4–8% in non-pregnant women. For non-pregnant women, the TSH upper normal limit is typically 4.2 to 4.5 mIU/L [7].

Can I take thyroid medicine while pregnant?

Yes, it’s safe. In fact, it’s unsafe not to take thyroid medication during pregnancy if you need it. Whether you have hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid) or the much less common hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid), you’ll probably need to take medication and be closely monitored.

What foods should I avoid if I have hypothyroidism during pregnancy?

cruciferous vegetables: broccoli, kale, spinach, cabbage, etc. People with hypothyroidism should avoid millet, processed foods, and supplements like selenium and zinc (unless a healthcare provider has advised you to take them). Foods that contain goitrogens are fine in moderate amounts unless they cause discomfort.

Does TSH increase with pregnancy?

How does pregnancy normally affect thyroid function? Two pregnancy-related hormones—human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and estrogen—cause increased thyroid hormone levels in the blood. Made by the placenta, hCG is similar to TSH and mildly stimulates the thyroid to produce more thyroid hor- mone.

Can thyroid medication cause birth defects?

The most commonly prescribed anti-thyroid medication, called Methimazole or Tapazole (MMI), may be associated with birth defects.

What is a normal TSH level for a pregnant woman?

TSH levels during pregnancyStage of pregnancyNormalLowFirst trimester0.6–3.4 mU/L< 0.6 mU/LSecond trimester0.37–3.6 mU/L< 0.3 mU/LThird trimester0.38–4.0 mU/L< 0.3 mU/L

How can I keep a healthy pregnancy with hypothyroidism?

If you’re diagnosed with hypothyroidism, you’ll be treated with thyroid hormone replacement. Experts also recommend pregnant women maintain a balanced diet and take a prenatal multivitamin and mineral supplement containing iodine to receive most nutrients necessary for thyroid health.

Can hypothyroidism cause autism?

There has been a report that low thyroid levels (hypothyroidism) in babies is possibly associated with the development of autism. Prior studies have shown that low thyroid levels in the mother during pregnancy has been associated with brain abnormalities in the baby.

Does hypothyroidism mean high risk pregnancy?

Pregnant women with uncontrolled hypothyroidism can get high blood pressure, anemia (low red blood cell count), and muscle pain and weakness. There is also an increased risk of miscarriage, premature birth (before 37 weeks of pregnancy), or even stillbirth.

How long after starting thyroid medication can I get pregnant?

When hypothyroidism is the reason for infertility, taking thyroid medication will enable most women to conceive, from as soon as six weeks after treatment, according to a study published in February 2015 in the IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences.

Can hypothyroidism cause birth defects?

Hypothyroidism caused more birth defects than did hyperthyroidism. It’s possible that the same antibodies that cause the underactive thyroid also could be responsible for the birth defects, Nagey says.

Can I have a healthy baby with hypothyroidism?

Early studies found that children born to mothers with severe, untreated hypothyroidism during pregnancy had lower IQ scores and impaired psychomotor (mental and motor) development. If properly controlled, often by increasing the amount of thyroid hormone, women with hypothyroidism can have healthy, unaffected babies.