Quick Answer: What Is The Function Of The Peritoneum Quizlet?

Can you remove the peritoneum?

If surgery is possible, the operation is called a peritonectomy.

This means removing part or all of the lining of the abdomen (peritoneum)..

Is the bladder in the peritoneum?

The bladder is a relatively free organ in the subcutaneous fat of the sub peritoneum except for some fixed ligamentous connections at the bladder neck. The superior and part of the posterior surfaces of the bladder are covered by peritoneum.

What is a peritoneal reflection?

Abstract. The peritoneal cavity is the largest lumen in the body. It is lined by a serosal layer which reflects at multiple specific sites to constitute mesenteries and ligaments, extending to support and ensheath parenchymal organs and bowel.

What is peritoneal metastasis?

Peritoneal metastases refer to cancer that has spread to the peritoneum from other organs. When cancer spreads from other organs, it is considered advanced and denote Stage IV disease in most cases.

What is the peritoneum?

Your peritoneum is the tissue that lines your abdominal wall and covers most of the organs in your abdomen. A liquid, peritoneal fluid, lubricates the surface of this tissue. Disorders of the peritoneum are not common.

Which organ would not be protected by the peritoneum?

Primarily retroperitoneal organs developed and remain outside of the parietal peritoneum. The oesophagus, rectum and kidneys are all primarily retroperitoneal. Secondarily retroperitoneal organs were initially intraperitoneal, suspended by mesentery.

What organs are in the peritoneum?

These organs are the liver, spleen, stomach, superior part of the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, transverse colon, sigmoid colon and superior part of the rectum.

What is Stage 4 peritoneal?

In stage 4, cancer has spread beyond the abdominal cavity, potentially including fluid around the lungs and lymph nodes in the groin. Women with primary peritoneal cancer usually have a combination of surgery and chemotherapy, just as they would for ovarian cancer.

Can peritoneal metastases be cured?

Background and objectives: Low-grade malignant tumors arise in the abdomen, do not infiltrate, and “redistribute” on the peritoneum with no extraregional spreading. In these cases, aggressive surgery combined with localized chemotherapy may provide cure.

What is the function of the peritoneum?

The peritoneum serves to support the organs of the abdomen and acts as a conduit for the passage of nerves, blood vessels, and lymphatics. Although the peritoneum is thin, it is made of 2 layers with a potential space between them.

Where would you find the peritoneum?

The peritoneum is the serous membrane forming the lining of the abdominal cavity or coelom in amniotes and some invertebrates, such as annelids. It covers most of the intra-abdominal (or coelomic) organs, and is composed of a layer of mesothelium supported by a thin layer of connective tissue.

What is the difference between omentum and peritoneum?

The visceral peritoneum covering the stomach extends on both sides into large, double-layered sheets that are filled with prominent patches of fat, giving it a lace-like appearance. The lesser omentum arises from the lesser curvature of the stomach and extends to the liver.