What Are The Two Major Solutes In Body Fluids?

What is the distribution of water in the major fluid compartments of the body?

The largest compartment is the intracellular fluid compartment (ICF), which accounts for about two thirds of total body water.

The extracellular fluid compartment (ECF) makes up the balance.

Extracellular water can further be divided into the intravascular fluid compartment and the interstitial fluid compartment..

What are the 4 bodily fluids?

460 BCE–370 BCE) is often credited with developing the theory of the four humors—blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm—and their influence on the body and its emotions. His famous treatise on Airs, Waters, and Places describes the influence of geography on the body and its humoral makeup.

How does water get distributed in the body?

Water passes from the intestinal lumen into plasma mainly by passive transport, regulated by osmotic gradients. Water molecules are then transported via blood circulation to be distributed all over the body, to the interstitial fluids and to cells.

Where is the most water in the body located?

Up to 60% of the human adult body is water. According to H.H. Mitchell, Journal of Biological Chemistry 158, the brain and heart are composed of 73% water, and the lungs are about 83% water. The skin contains 64% water, muscles and kidneys are 79%, and even the bones are watery: 31%.

What diseases are carried in body fluids?

Examples of diseases spread through blood or other body fluids:hepatitis B – blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluids.hepatitis C – blood.human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – blood, semen and vaginal fluids, breastmilk.cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection – saliva, semen and vaginal fluids, urine, etc.More items…

What are the 26 types of body fluids?

It makes up about 26% of the total body water composition in humans. Intravascular fluid (blood plasma), interstitial fluid, lymph and transcellular fluid make up the extracellular fluid….Body fluidamniotic fluid.aqueous humour.bile.blood plasma.breast milk.cerebrospinal fluid.cerumen.chyle.More items…•

What is the 60 40 20 rule for body water?

On average total body water in a person is about 60% of their body weight. From the total body water, 2/3 of that, or 40% of body weight is intracellular fluid. The other 1/3 or 20% of body weight is extracellular fluid. This is also known as the 60-40-20 rule.

Which body fluid compartment contains high levels of K+?

Most body fluids are neutral in charge. Thus, cations, or positively charged ions, and anions, or negatively charged ions, are balanced in fluids. As seen in the previous graph, sodium (Na+) ions and chloride (Cl–) ions are concentrated in the ECF of the body, whereas potassium (K+) ions are concentrated inside cells.

What are the two major body fluids?

The distribution of fluid throughout the body can be broken down into two general categories: intracellular fluid and extracellular fluid. Intracellular fluid is approximately 40% of the total body weight. It is the total space within cells primarily defined as the cytoplasm of cells.

What are the three major fluid compartments in your body?

There are three major fluid compartments; intravascular, interstitial, and intracellular. Fluid movement from the intravascular to interstitial and intracellular compartments occurs in the capillaries.

How many fluids are in our body?

The total body of water is divided between the intracellular fluid (ICF) compartment (also called space, or volume) and the extracellular fluid (ECF) compartment (space, volume) in a two-to-one ratio: 28 (28–32) liters are inside cells and 14 (14–15) liters are outside cells.

How many fluids are in the human body?

The ICF makes up about 60 percent of the total water in the human body, and in an average-size adult male, the ICF accounts for about 25 liters (seven gallons) of fluid (Figure 26.1. 3). This fluid volume tends to be very stable, because the amount of water in living cells is closely regulated.

What are examples of body fluids?

Biological fluids include blood, urine, semen (seminal fluid), vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), synovial fluid, pleural fluid (pleural lavage), pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva, nasal fluid, otic fluid, gastric fluid, breast milk, as well as cell culture supernatants.

What is the most important component of body fluids?

The main component of the extracellular fluid (ECF) is the interstitial fluid, or tissue fluid, which surrounds the cells in the body. The other major component of the ECF is the intravascular fluid of the circulatory system called blood plasma.

What are the major body fluids?

A short list of bodily fluids includes:Blood. Blood plays a major role in the body’s defense against infection by carrying waste away from our cells and flushing them out of the body in urine, feces, and sweat. … Saliva. … Semen. … Vaginal fluids. … Mucus. … Urine.

What is the importance of body fluids?

Fluid helps your body to digest (break down) food. Fluid helps to prevent constipation by keeping stools soft and regular. Fluid is an important part of blood, and helps to carry nutrients around the body.

What is the study of body fluids called?

The study of body fluids, relating to health or lack of health, has been a strategy of health care practitioners for perhaps thousands of years, in an effort to alleviate the suffering of diseased persons. The ancient medical term, humors, is still incorporated into some medical terms.

What are the components of body fluid?

Key PointsThe cytosol or intracellular fluid consists mostly of water, dissolved ions, small molecules, and large, water-soluble molecules (such as proteins).Enzymes in the cytosol are important for cellular metabolism.The extracellular fluid is mainly cations and anions.More items…